[Laboratory determination of thiopurine levels in paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease].

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Thiopurines are drugs widely used in patients for the maintenance of remission in inflammatory bowel disease. The optimal plasma levels are known, but there is controversy about whether the need for other drugs is reduced or is cost-effective. The aim of this study is to describe the use of the optimised treatment with thiopurines in paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease followed up in this Unit since the introduction of determining the drug levels. A descriptive retrospective study was conducted in which the plasma values of 6-thioguanine (6-TGN), 6-methyl-mercapto-purine (6-MMP), and their ratios were analysed using liquid chromatography. Other variables were collected, such as clinical status, analytical and demographic variables of patients with inflammatory bowel disease followed up in this Unit. A total of 72 patients were included, and 149 determinations of metabolites were performed. The 6-TGN levels were found to below the therapeutic range in 61.5% of patients (in 7 cases due to lack of adherence to therapy), and 6-MMP was in the toxicity range in 7.4%. After the determination of 77 specimens, some action was taken, such as modifying the dose, change of formula, or withdrawing the drug. Only 9 patients were scaled to a biological drug (13.4% of the total on single therapy). No association was found between the activity of the disease and the thiopurine levels. In our experience, the monitoring of thiopurine levels helped to modify the drug dose that the patient received, adjusting their therapeutic levels, and potentially avoiding the addition of new drugs.
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CIE Terms
Enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal, Inflammatory bowel disease, Monitoring, Monitorización, Thiopurines, Tiopurinas