Age-adjusted NT-proBNP could help in the early identification and follow-up of children at risk for severe multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19 (MIS-C)

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Baishideng publishing group inc
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BACKGROUND Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) has emerged as a new disease associated with COVID-19 that presents in acute critically ill children with acute cardiovascular dysfunction. AIM To determine whether the age-adjusted N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) value (Z-log-NT-proBNP) is associated with severe MIS-C and myocardial dysfunction. METHODS A retrospective study was conducted which included children with MIS-C managed at our institution between April 1, 2020, and February 28, 2022. We divided the population into groups depending on severity based on pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission. We compared Z-log-NT-proBNP values across these groups and analyzed Z-log-NT-proBNP dynamics during the one-month follow-up. RESULTS We included 17 participants [median age 3 (2-9) years] and seven (41%) required PICU admission. All (100%) of these cases presented very high (Z-log > 4) levels of NT-proBNP at the time of admission compared to only 5 (50%) patients with non-severe MIS-C (P = 0.025). NT-proBNP was significantly correlated with high-sensitive Troponin I levels (P = 0.045), Ross modified score (P = 0.003) and left ventricle ejection fraction (P = 0.021). CONCLUSION Raised NT-proBNP, specifically very high values (Z-log-NT-proBNP > 4) could help in the early identification of MIS-C patients with myocardial dysfunction requiring inotropic support and PICU admission.
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Multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, NT-proBNP, Echocardiography, Myocardial dysfunction, Children, Heart-failure, Disease, Performance, Biomarkers, Markers, Society, Values