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Title: Cholinergic regulation of bone.
Authors: Eimar, H
Tamimi, I
Murshed, M
Tamimi, F
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Eimar,H; Murshed,M, Tamimi,F] Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. [Tamimi,I] Traumatology and Orthopedic Surgery Department, Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya, Malaga, Spain. [Murshed,M] Faculty of Medicine at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Keywords: Cholinergic;Parasympathetic Nervous System;Bone;Acetylcholine;Osteoporosis;Vías autónomas;Remodelación Ósea;Sistema nervioso central;Humanos
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena::Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena::Musculoskeletal Physiological Processes::Bone Remodeling
Medical Subject Headings::Anatomy::Musculoskeletal System::Skeleton::Bone and Bones
Medical Subject Headings::Anatomy::Nervous System::Central Nervous System
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Musculoskeletal Diseases::Bone Diseases::Bone Diseases, Metabolic::Osteoporosis
Medical Subject Headings::Anatomy::Nervous System::Peripheral Nervous System::Autonomic Nervous System::Parasympathetic Nervous System
Medical Subject Headings::Anatomy::Nervous System::Peripheral Nervous System::Autonomic Nervous System::Autonomic Pathways
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Citation: Eimar H, Tamimi I, Murshed M, Tamimi F. Cholinergic regulation of bone. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2013; 13(2):124-32
Abstract: Bone remodeling is regulated by the two branches of the autonomic nervous system: the adrenergic and the cholinergic branches. Adrenergic activity favors bone loss, whereas cholinergic activity has been recently shown to favor bone mass accrual. In vitro studies have reported that cholinergic activity induces proliferation and differentiation of bone cells. In vivo studies have shown that the inhibition of cholinergic activity favors bone loss, whereas its stimulation favors bone mass accrual. Clinical studies have shown that bone density is associated with the function of many cholinergic-regulated tissues such as the hypothalamus, salivary glands, lacrimal glands and langerhans cells, suggesting a common mechanism of control. Altogether, these observations and linked findings are of great significance since they improve our understanding of bone physiology. These discoveries have been successfully used recently to investigate new promising therapies for bone diseases based on cholinergic stimulation. Here, we review the current understanding of the cholinergic activity and its association with bone health.
Description: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review;
ISSN: 1108-7161 (Online)
1108-7161 (Print)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Hospital Regional de Málaga

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