SAS - D.S.A.P. Metropolitano de Granada

Permanent URI for this collection


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 20 of 47
  • Publication
    Hospital Intervention to Reduce Overweight with Educational Reinforcement after Discharge: A Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial.
    (2022-06-16) Herrera-Espiñeira, Carmen; Martínez-Cirre, María Del Carmen; López-Morales, Manuel; Lozano-Sánchez, Antonia; Rodríguez-Ruíz, Antonia; Salmerón-López, Laura Esther; Gómez-Crespo, María Isabel; Expósito-Ruíz, Manuela
    Obesity and overweight affect more than one-third of the world's population and pose a major public health problem. To evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on dietary habits and physical exercise in patients with overweight admitted to departments of internal medicine, comprising a pre-discharge educational session with follow-up and reinforcement by telephone at 3, 6, and, 12 months post-discharge. Outcome variables were weight, systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), hospital readmissions, emergency department visits, and death. A randomized experimental study with a control group was performed in hospitalized non-diabetic adults aged ≥18 years with body mass index (BMI) ≥25 Kg/m2. The final sample included 273 patients. At three months post-discharge, the intervention group had lower SBP and DPB and improved dietary habits (assessed using the Pardo Questionnaire) and VAS-assessed HRQOL in comparison to the control group but a worse EQ-5Q-5L-assessed HRQOL. There were no between-group differences in hospital readmissions, emergency department visits, or mortality at any time point. Both groups evidenced a progressive improvement over the three follow-up periods in weight, SBP, and dietary habits but a worsening of EQ-5D-5L-value-assessed HRQOL. The intervention group showed greater improvements over the short term, but between-group differences disappeared at 6 and 12 months. Weight loss and improvements in key outcomes were observed in both groups over the follow-up period. Further research is warranted to determine whether a minimum intervention with an educational leaflet, follow-up phone calls, and questionnaires on overweight-related healthy habits, as in the present control group, may be an equally effective strategy without specific individual educational input.
  • Publication
    Evolution of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Emergency and Critical Care: Therapeutic Management before and during the Pandemic Situation.
    (2022-05-28) Granados-Bolivar, Monserrat E; Quesada-Caballero, Miguel; Suleiman-Martos, Nora; Romero-Béjar, José L; Albendín-García, Luis; Cañadas-De la Fuente, Guillermo A; Caballero-Vázquez, Alberto
    Background and Objectives: Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a life-threatening lung condition that prevents enough oxygen from getting to the lungs and blood. The causes can be varied, although since the COVID-19 pandemic began there have been many cases related to this virus. The management and evolution of ARDS in emergency situations in the last 5 years was analyzed. Materials and Methods: A systematic review was carried out in the PubMed and Scopus databases. Using the descriptors Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), the search equation was: "Emergency health service AND acute respiratory distress syndrome". The search was conducted in December 2021. Quantitative primary studies on the care of patients with ARDS in an emergency setting published in the last 5 years were included. Results: In the initial management, adherence to standard treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is recommended. The use of extracorporeal membrane reduces the intensity of mechanical ventilation or as rescue therapy in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The prone position in both intubated and non-intubated patients with severe ARDS is associated with a better survival of these patients, therefore, it is very useful in these moments of pandemic crisis. Lack of resources forces triage decisions about which patients are most likely to survive to start mechanical ventilation and this reflects the realities of intensive care and emergency care in a resource-limited setting. Conclusions: adequate prehospital management of ARDS and in emergency situations can improve the prognosis of patients. The therapeutic options in atypical ARDS due to COVID-19 do not seem to vary substantially from conventional ARDS.
  • Publication
    Anxiety, Distress and Stress among Patients with Diabetes during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    (2022-08-30) García-Lara, Rubén A; Gómez-Urquiza, José L; Membrive-Jiménez, María José; Velando-Soriano, Almudena; Granados-Bolivar, Monserrat E; Romero-Béjar, José L; Suleiman-Martos, Nora
    The prevalence of mental health disorders has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients with chronic diseases, such as diabetes, are a particularly vulnerable risk group. This study aims to assess the levels and prevalence of anxiety, distress, and stress in patients with diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic. A systematic review was conducted in CINAHL, Cochrane, LILACS, Medline, SciELO, and Scopus in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Thirty-seven articles with a total of 13,932 diabetic patients were included. Five meta-analyses were performed. The prevalence of anxiety was 23% (95% CI = 19-28) in T1DM and 20% (95% CI = 6-40) in T2DM patients. For diabetes distress it was 41% (95% CI = 24-60) for T1DM and 36% in T2DM patients (95% CI = 2-84). For stress, the prevalence was 79% (95% CI = 49-98) in T1DM patients. People with diabetes have significant psychiatric comorbidity as well as psychological factors that negatively affect disease management, increasing their vulnerability in an emergency situation. To establish comprehensive care in diabetic patients addressing mental health is essential, as well as including specific policy interventions to reduce the potential psychological harm of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Publication
    Explanatory Models of Burnout Diagnosis Based on Personality Factors in Primary Care Nurses.
    (2022-07-27) Albendín-García, Luis; Suleiman-Martos, Nora; Ortega-Campos, Elena; Aguayo-Estremera, Raimundo; Sáez, José A; Romero-Béjar, José L; Cañadas-De la Fuente, Guillermo A
    Burnout in the primary care service takes place when there is a high level of interaction between nurses and patients. Explanatory models based on psychological and personality related variables provide an approximation to level changes in the three dimensions of the burnout syndrome. A categorical-response ordinal logistic regression model, based on a quantitative, crosscutting, multicentre, descriptive study with 242 primary care nurses in the Andalusian Health Service in Granada (Spain) is performed for each dimension. The three models included all the variables related to personality. The risk factor friendliness was significant at population level for the three dimensions, whilst openness was never significant. Neuroticism was significant in the models related to emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, whilst responsibility was significant for the models referred to depersonalization and personal accomplishment dimensions. Finally, extraversion was also significant in the emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment dimensions. The analysis performed provides useful information, making more readily the diagnosis and evolution of the burnout syndrome in this collective.
  • Publication
    Continuity of Nursing Care in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review.
    (2022-03-04) Posadas-Collado, Gloria; Membrive-Jiménez, María J; Romero-Béjar, José L; Gómez-Urquiza, José L; Albendín-García, Luis; Suleiman-Martos, Nora; Cañadas-De La Fuente, Guillermo A
    Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and patient continuity of care is essential. Health professionals can help in the transition stage by providing resources to achieve pharmacological treatment adherence, as well as social and emotional support. The objective was to analyse the effects of nursing interventions based on continuity of care in patients with coronary artery disease after hospital discharge. A systematic review of randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies was carried out. Cochrane, CINAHL, Health & medical collection, Medline, and Scopus databases were consulted in January 2022. PRISMA guidelines were followed with no time limits. In total, 16 articles were included with a total of 2950 patients. Nurse-led continuity of care programs improved the monitoring and control of the disease. Positive effects were found in the quality of life of patients, and in mental health, self-efficacy, and self-care capacity dimensions. Clinical parameters such as blood pressure and lipid levels decreased. The continuity of care provided by nurses had a positive influence on the quality of life of patients with coronary artery disease. Nurse-led care focused on the needs and resources, including continuity of care, plays a key role.
  • Publication
    Pressure Ulcers Risk Assessment According to Nursing Criteria.
    (2022-07-31) Vera-Salmerón, Eugenio; Mota-Romero, Emilio; Romero-Béjar, José Luis; Dominguez-Nogueira, Carmen; Gómez-Pozo, Basilio
    Pressure ulcers (PU) represent a health problem with a significant impact on the morbidity and mortality of immobilized patients, and on the quality of life of affected people and their families. Risk assessment of pressure ulcers incidence must be carried out in a structured and comprehensive manner. The Braden Scale is the result of an analysis of risk factors that includes subscales that define exactly what should be interpreted in each one. The healthcare work with evidence-based practice with an objective criterion by the nursing professional is an essential addition for the application of preventive measures. Explanatory models based on the different subscales of Braden Scale purvey an estimation to level changes in the risk of suffering PU. A binary-response logistic regression model, supported by a study with an analytical, observational, longitudinal, and prospective design in the Granada-Metropolitan Primary Healthcare District (DSGM) in Andalusia (Southern Spain), with a sample of 16,215 immobilized status patients, using a Braden Scale log, is performed. A model that includes the mobility and activity scales achieves a correct classification rate of 86% (sensitivity (S) = 87.57%, specificity (SP) = 81.69%, positive predictive value (PPV) = 91.78%, and negative preventive value (NPV) = 73.78%), while if we add the skin moisture subscale to this model, the correct classification rate is 96% (S = 90.74%, SP = 88.83%, PPV = 95.00%, and NPV = 80.42%). The six subscales provide a model with a 99.5% correct classification rate (S = 99.93%, SP = 98.50%, PPV = 99.36%, and NPV = 99.83%). This analysis provides useful information to help predict this risk in this group of patients through objective nursing criteria.
  • Publication
    Protective Effect of Melatonin Administration against SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Systematic Review
    (Mdpi, 2022-01-01) Molina-Carballo, Antonio; Palacios-Lopez, Rafael; Jerez-Calero, Antonio; Augustin-Morales, Maria Carmen; Agil, Ahmed; Munoz-Hoyos, Antonio; Munoz-Gallego, Antonio; [Molina-Carballo, Antonio] Univ Granada, Med Fac, Dept Pediat, Granada 18071, Spain; [Jerez-Calero, Antonio] Univ Granada, Med Fac, Dept Pediat, Granada 18071, Spain; [Munoz-Hoyos, Antonio] Univ Granada, Med Fac, Dept Pediat, Granada 18071, Spain; [Molina-Carballo, Antonio] Clin San Cecilio Univ Hosp, Granada 18071, Spain; [Jerez-Calero, Antonio] Clin San Cecilio Univ Hosp, Granada 18071, Spain; [Molina-Carballo, Antonio] Univ Granada, Biosanitary Res Inst Granada Ibs Granada, Granada 18071, Spain; [Agil, Ahmed] Univ Granada, Biosanitary Res Inst Granada Ibs Granada, Granada 18071, Spain; [Palacios-Lopez, Rafael] Hlth Ctr Las Gabias, Granada 18071, Spain; [Augustin-Morales, Maria Carmen] Hlth Ctr Las Gabias, Granada 18071, Spain; [Agil, Ahmed] Univ Granada, Sch Med, Dept Pharmacol, Granada 18071, Spain; [Munoz-Hoyos, Antonio] Univ Granada, Sch Med, Dept Pharmacol, Granada 18071, Spain; [Agil, Ahmed] Univ Granada, Sch Med, Neurosci Inst, Granada 18071, Spain; [Munoz-Hoyos, Antonio] Univ Granada, Sch Med, Neurosci Inst, Granada 18071, Spain; [Munoz-Gallego, Antonio] Univ Malaga, Languages & Comp Sci Dept, Malaga 29003, Spain
    Introduction: according to the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, responsible for an increasing number of cases and deaths. From a preventive and therapeutic point of view, there are two concerns that affect institutions and healthcare professionals: global immunization (which is still far from being achieved) and the availability of drugs capable of preventing its consequences in the infected patient. In this sense, the role that melatonin can play is has been assessed in the recent literature. Justification and Objectives: the serious health, social and economic consequences of COVID-19 have forced an urgent search for preventive methods, such as vaccines, among others, and therapeutic methods that could be alternatives to the drugs currently used. In this sense, it must be accepted that one of the most recommended has been the administration of melatonin. The present study proposes to carry out a systematic review of its possible role in the treatment and/or prevention of COVID-19. Material and methods: a systematic review of the literature related to the prevention of COVID-19 through the administration of melatonin was carried out, following the sequence proposed by the Prisma Declaration regarding the identification and selection of documents, using the specialized health databases Trip Medical Database, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Medline Plus, BVS, Cuiden and generic databases such as Dialnet, Web of Science and Google Scholar for their retrieval. Appropriate inclusion and exclusion criteria are described for the articles assessed. The main limitation of the study has been the scarcity of works and the lack of defining a specific protocol in terms of dosage and administration schedule. Results: once the selection process was completed, and after an in-depth critical analysis, 197 papers were selected, and 40 of them were finally used. The most relevant results were: (1) melatonin prevents SARS-CoV-2 infection, (2) although much remains to be clarified, at high doses, it seems to have a coadjuvant therapeutic effect in the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection and (3) melatonin is effective against SARS-CoV-2 infection. Discussion: until group immunization is achieved in the population, it seems clear that we must continue to treat patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection, and, in the absence of a specific and effective antiviral therapy, it is advisable to continue researching and providing drugs that demonstrate validity based on the scientific evidence. In this regard, we believe that the available studies recommend the administration of melatonin for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, immunomodulatory, sleep-inducing, CD147, Mpro, p65 and MMP9 protein suppressing, nephrotoxicity-reducing and highly effective and safe effects. Conclusions: (1) melatonin has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and Mpro and MMP9 protein-inhibitory activity. (2) It has been shown to have a wide margin of safety. (3) The contributions reviewed make it an effective therapeutic alternative in the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection. (4) Further clinical trials are recommended to clearly define the administration protocol.
  • Publication
    Dietary Patterns and Prostate Cancer: CAPLIFE Study.
    (2022-07-17) Lozano-Lorca, Macarena; Rodríguez-González, Margarita; Salcedo-Bellido, Inmaculada; Vázquez-Alonso, Fernando; Arrabal, Miguel; Martín-Castaño, Benita; Sánchez, María-José; Jiménez-Moleón, José-Juan; Olmedo-Requena, Rocío
    The etiology of prostate cancer (PCa) remains uncertain, and the role of diet is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the role of diet, through dietary patterns, on PCa, considering tumor aggressiveness and extension. The CAPLIFE study is a population-based case-control study including a total of 428 incident PCa cases and 393 controls aged 40-80 years. Dietary information was collected through a validated food frequency questionnaire. Three dietary patterns were identified through principal component analysis: "Mediterranean," "Western," and "Unhealthy," which were categorized into tertiles according to the control group cutoff points. Tumor aggressiveness and extension was determined. Logistic regression models were used to assess the association between dietary patterns and PCa. High adherence to an unhealthy dietary pattern was associated with higher odds of PCa, ORT3vsT1 = 1.52 (95% CI 1.02-2.27), especially for cases with ISUP 1-2 and localized PCa tumors. This association was not observed with a Western or Mediterranean pattern. In conclusion, adherence to an unhealthy diet appears to be associated with higher odds of PCa, especially for cases with ISUP 1-2 and localized PCa tumors.
  • Publication
    Health-related quality of life in patients newly diagnosed with prostate cancer: CAPLIFE study.
    (2022-11-21) Lozano-Lorca, Macarena; Barrios-Rodríguez, Rocío; Redondo-Sánchez, Daniel; Cózar, José-Manuel; Arrabal-Martín, Miguel; García-Caballos, Marta; Salcedo-Bellido, Inmaculada; Sánchez, María-José; Jiménez-Moleón, José-Juan; Olmedo-Requena, Rocío
    To analyse the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) at diagnosis of patients with prostate cancer (PCa) according to tumour extension and urinary symptomatology and to explore factors associated with HRQoL. 408 Controls and 463 PCa cases were included. Eligibility criteria were a new diagnosis of PCa (cases), 40-80 years of age, and residence in the participating hospitals' coverage area for ≥ 6 months before recruitment. HRQoL was evaluated using the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey, Mental (MCS) and Physical Component Summaries (PCS), and urinary symptoms with the International Prostate Symptom Score. HRQoL scores for all PCa cases, according to tumour extension and urinary symptoms, were compared with controls. In addition, information about lifestyles and comorbidities was collected and its association with low HRQoL (lower scores) were explored using logistic regression models. Overall cases had similar PCS score, but lower MCS score than controls. The lowest standardised scores for both PCS and MCS were reached by cases with severe urinary symptoms and a metastatic tumour [mean (SD); PCS: 41.9 (11.5), MCS: 42.3 (10.3)]. Having "below" PCS and MCS scores was associated with the presence of three or more comorbidities in the cases [aOR = 2.86 (1.19-6.84) for PCS and aOR = 3.58 (1.37-9.31) for MCS] and with severe urinary symptomatology [aOR = 4.71 (1.84-12.08) for PCS and aOR = 7.63 (2.70-21.58) for MCS]. The mental dimension of HRQoL at diagnosis of patients with PCa was lower than in controls, especially for cases with severe urinary symptoms and a metastatic tumour. Comorbidities and urinary symptoms were variables associated with the HRQoL of PCa cases.
  • Publication
    Personal and Emotional Factors of Nursing Professionals Related to Coping with End-of-Life Care: A Cross-Sectional Study.
    (2021-09-09) Povedano-Jiménez, María; Ropero-Padilla, Carmen; Rodriguez-Arrastia, Miguel; García-Caro, María Paz
    The death of a patient can be a traumatic event, causing emotional and psychological distress in professional nurses and potentially hampering the quality of their care. Optimal self-perceived coping with death involves valuing these difficult situations as challenges and actively coping with work-related stress during the care of the dying patient. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess Spanish nurses' self-perceived competence with patient death and investigate its relationship with their personality traits, anxiety and fear of death. A cross-sectional study based on a web-based survey was conducted. A sample of 534 Spanish nurses provided socio-demographic information and answered validated questionnaires. Most participants perceived their coping with death as optimal. Men and nurses older than 31 years coped better with death. Professionals with an optimal self-perception showed significantly lower scores on all personality dimensions evaluated, while a higher level of the anxiety trait predicted worse coping. Although with medium explanatory power, psychoticism, anxiety, and fear of death were the main predictors of the development of optimal coping with death among Spanish nurses. These characteristics together with information from the work environment and evidence-based practice could help to develop better routines and contexts of care for nurses working in end-of-life care.
  • Publication
    Differences in Dietary Habits, Physical Exercise, and Quality of Life between Patients with Obesity and Overweight.
    (2021-07-20) Herrera-Espiñeira, Carmen; de Pascual Y Medina, Ana María; López-Morales, Manuel; Díaz Jiménez, Paloma; Rodríguez Ruiz, Antonia; Expósito-Ruiz, Manuela
    Overweight and obesity differ in their repercussions on the health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients. The objective of this study was to compare physical activity levels and dietary habits before admission and HRQoL at discharge between patients with obesity and overweight. A cross-sectional study was undertaken among participants in a clinical trial on education for healthy eating and physical activity, enrolling non-diabetic patients admitted to Internal Medicine Departments. These were classified by body mass index (BMI) as having overweight (25-29.9 Kg/m2) or obesity (≥30 kg/m2). Data were gathered on sociodemographic characteristics, clinical variables (medication for anxiety/depression, Charlson Comorbidity Index, length of hospital stay), physical exercise and diet (International Physical Activity and Pardo Questionnaires), and HRQoL (EQ-5D-5L). The study included 98 patients with overweight (58.2% males) and 177 with obesity (52% males). In comparison to patients with obesity, those with overweight obtained better results for regular physical exercise (p = 0.007), healthy diet (p = 0.004), and "emotional eating" (p = 0.017). No between-group difference was found in HqoL scores. Patients with overweight and obesity differ in healthy dietary and physical exercise behaviors. Greater efforts are warranted to prevent an increase in the BMI of patients, paying special attention to their state of mind.
  • Publication
    Nursing-Intense Health Education Intervention for Persons with Type 2 Diabetes: A Quasi-Experimental Study.
    (2021-07-01) Martos-Cabrera, María Begoña; Gómez-Urquiza, José Luis; Cañadas-González, Guillermo; Romero-Bejar, José Luis; Suleiman-Martos, Nora; Cañadas-De la Fuente, Guillermo Arturo; Albendín-García, Luis
    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a highly prevalent disease, the progression of which depends on high blood glucose levels, which are reflected in the level of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c). Appropriate health education equips patients with the knowledge and skills to control their glucose and HbA1c levels to avoid long-term complications. This study was set up to compare the results of an intensive (360 min) educational intervention to improve HbA1c parameters in patients with DM2 with those of a usual 90 min intervention. For this purpose, healthcare personnel led a quasi-experimental study of 249 diabetics: 171 in the control group, and 78 in the intervention group. In the control group, the mean HbA1c value decreased from 6.97 to 6.75, while in intervention group it fell from 8.97 to 8.06. The before and after mean difference between both groups was compared with a Wilcoxon test, and the results statistically significant (W = 4530; p
  • Publication
    Role and Effects of Hippotherapy in the Treatment of Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review of the Literature.
    (2021-06-11) Menor-Rodríguez, María José; Sevilla Martín, Mar; Sánchez-García, Juan Carlos; Montiel-Troya, María; Cortés-Martín, Jonathan; Rodríguez-Blanque, Raquel
    Cerebral palsy is described as a group of permanent neuromotor-type disorders caused by non-progressive injuries in the developmental stages of the central nervous system, and which have serious repercussions on the quality of life of affected children due to the physical and psychological damage it entails for them. Today, it is the leading cause of physical disability in childhood. Since there is no cure for this disorder, treatment is based on the improvement of symptoms, which is not always achieved through conventional therapies. For this reason, the need arises to investigate other alternative therapies, such as hippotherapy, to determine the main effects of hippotherapy as a rehabilitation therapy in children with cerebral palsy. The review was performed in accordance with the criteria of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol and was registered under the number CRD42021233003. The databases used were PubMed, Dialnet and the web browser Google Scholar. After applying the inclusion criteria, we included 11 articles. As a conclusion, we found that hippotherapy provides benefits at physical, psychological, cognitive and social levels in children with cerebral palsy, and thus it should be considered as a complementary rehabilitation therapy to conventional treatments.
  • Publication
    Professional quality of life, self-compassion, resilience, and empathy in healthcare professionals during COVID-19 crisis in Spain.
    (2021-05-25) Ruiz-Fernández, María D; Ramos-Pichardo, Juan D; Ibáñez-Masero, Olivia; Carmona-Rega, María I; Sánchez-Ruiz, Máximo J; Ortega-Galán, Ángela M
    The coronavirus pandemic has exposed healthcare professionals to suffering and stressful working conditions. The aim of this study was to analyze professional quality of life among healthcare professionals and its relationship with empathy, resilience, and self-compassion during the COVID-19 crisis in Spain. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 506 healthcare professionals, who participated by completing an online questionnaire. A descriptive correlational analysis was performed. A multivariate regression analysis and a decision tree were used to identify the variables associated with professional quality of life. Empathy, resilience, and mindfulness were the main predictors of compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout, respectively.
  • Publication
    Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Rare Diseases during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
    (2021-03-21) Sánchez-García, Juan Carlos; Cortés-Martín, Jonathan; Rodríguez-Blanque, Raquel; Marín-Jiménez, Ana Eugenia; Montiel-Troya, Maria; Díaz-Rodríguez, Lourdes
    Scientific knowledge on depression and anxiety in patients with rare diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic is scarce; however, it is essential to perform comprehensive management of these patients. The aim of this study was to research how the situation caused by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has influenced the lives of patients with rare diseases regarding depression and anxiety. This Spanish study considered a heterogeneous population sample of 86 patients with confirmed diagnosis of different rare diseases. Participants took part in a cross-sectional online study by completing specific questionnaires on the study topic. Depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and the General Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) was used for evaluating anxiety. Data collection through an online questionnaire allowed for a greater population scope and therefore the inclusion patients of other nationalities in the study sample. Finally, as a general result, this study found that, in the face of the pandemic, anxiety and depression remained at a higher level in this group than in the general population, making these patients a vulnerable population group.
  • Publication
    [Health-related quality of life in patients consuming benzodiazepine].
    (2021-03-26) García Atienza, Eva María; López-Torres Hidalgo, Jesús; Minuesa García, María; Ruipérez Moreno, María; Lucas Galán, Francisco Javier; Agudo Mena, José Luis
    To describe the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in benzodiazepine users and to verify whether there is an association with the characteristics of the treatment, its effectiveness, and the sociodemographic variables. Descriptive cross-sectional study. Family medicine consultations. Four hundred and fifty 2patients over 18 years of age consuming benzodiazepines or similar drugs. HRQoL was assessed using the EuroQol5-D questionnaire. Other variables: symptoms of anxiety or insomnia, sociodemographic variables and characteristics of the treatment. The mean score in health status was 62.80 (95% CI: 60.69-64.86), lower in people without studies (59.27±21.97 SD; P=.004) and lower social category (60.02±21.27 SD; P Patients who use benzodiazepines show, despite treatment, a moderate HRQL, lower than that obtained in the general population or in primary care patients. The situation is more favorable in the youngest, in those who do not present anxiety/insomnia, in those belonging to higher social classes and when the consumption of drugs is lower.
  • Publication
    [PCR for COVID-19 positive, then negative and again positive Reinfection at 55 days?].
    (2020-12-23) Martín Enguix, David; Aguirre Rodríguez, Juan Carlos; Sánchez Cambronero, María; Hidalgo Rodríguez, Abraham
  • Publication
    Experiences of family caregivers of patients with terminal disease and the quality of end-of-life care received: a mixed methods study.
    (2020-12-14) Martí-García, Celia; Fernández-Alcántara, Manuel; Suárez López, Patricia; Romero Ruiz, Carolina; Muñoz Martín, Rocío; Garcia-Caro, Mᵃ Paz
    The aim of this study was to analyze the perceptions and experiences of relatives of patients dying from a terminal disease with regard to the care they received during the dying process, considering the oncological or non-oncological nature of the terminal disease, and the place where care was provided (at home, emergency department, hospital room, or palliative care unit). For this purpose, we conducted a mixed-methods observational study in which two studies were triangulated, one qualitative using semi-structured interviews (n = 30) and the other quantitative, using questionnaires (n = 129). The results showed that the perception of relatives on the quality of care was highly positive in the quantitative evaluation but more critical and negative in the qualitative interview. Experience of the support received and palliative measures was more positive for patients attended in hospital in the case of oncological patients but more positive for those attended at home in the case of non-oncological patients.
  • Publication
    Efficacy of Bifidobacterium breve CECT7263 for infantile colic treatment: an open-label, parallel, randomised, controlled trial.
    (2020-12-22) Maldonado-Lobón, J A; Blanco-Rojo, R; Maldonado, J; Ali, M A; Almazán, M V; Suanes-Cabello, A; Callejón, E; Jaldo, R; Benavídes, M R; Negrillo, A M; Sañudo, A; Rodríguez, C; Bañuelos, O; Fonollá, J; Olivares, M; PROBI-COLIC group
    Infantile colic is a prevalent condition characterised by excessive crying with no effective treatment available. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Bifidobacterium breve CECT7263 and a combination of this and Lactobacillus fermentum CECT5716 versus simethicone in reducing the daily time spent crying in colicky infants. A multicentre randomised, open-label, parallel, controlled trial of 28 days was performed in 150 infants who were diagnosed with colic according to the Rome III criteria and who randomly received simethicone (80 mg/day; Simethicone group), B. breve CECT7263 (2×108 cfu/day, Bb group), or a combination of L. fermentum CECT5716 and B. breve CECT7263 (1×108 cfu/day per strain, Bb+Lf group). The main outcomes were minutes of crying per day and the percentage of reduction in daily crying from baseline. Data were analysed per intention to treat. All treatments significantly decreased the daily crying time at the end of the intervention (P-time
  • Publication
    [Vox Paediatrica].
    (2020-10-31) Antón-Gamero, Montserrat; Ibarra de la Rosa, Ignacio; Ortega Páez, Eduardo