Publication: Gender Differences in Outcomes Following a Pain-Free, Home-Based Exercise Program for Claudication.
Rodriguez Borrego, Maria Aurora
Carmona Torres, Juan Manuel
Lopez Soto, Pablo Jesus
Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common cardiovascular pathology that affects mobility. In previous research, supervised exercise, a recommended treatment for claudication, was less effective in women. This study retrospectively investigated whether functional outcomes exhibit sex differences following a pain-free, home-based exercise program for PAD patients. Materials and Methods: Patients with PAD and claudication enrolled to a structured home-based program from 2003 to 2016 were studied. The program was prescribed at the hospital and based on two daily 10-minute pain-free walking sessions at progressively increasing speed. Outcome measures, which were assessed at baseline and discharge, were pain threshold speed (PTS) and maximal (Smax) during a treadmill test and pain-free walking distance (PFWD) and total distance walked in 6 minutes (6MWD). The ankle-brachial index (ABI), program duration, and patient adherence were determined. Results: A total of 1007 patients (women; n = 264; 26%) were enrolled. At baseline, compared to men, women exhibited similar ABI values but lower PTS and PFWD values (p
exercise therapy, gender, peripheral artery disease, rehabilitation, women