Publication: miR-106b is a novel target to promote muscle regeneration and restore satellite stem cell function in injured Duchenne dystrophic muscle.
Satellite cells (SCs), muscle stem cells, display functional heterogeneity, and dramatic changes linked to their regenerative capabilities are associated with muscle-wasting diseases. SC behavior is related to endogenous expression of the myogenic transcription factor MYF5 and the propensity to enter into the cell cycle. Here, we report a role for miR-106b reinforcing MYF5 inhibition and blocking cell proliferation in a subset of highly quiescent SC population. miR-106b down-regulation occurs during SC activation and is required for proper muscle repair. In addition, miR-106b is increased in dystrophic mice, and intramuscular injection of antimiR in injured mdx mice enhances muscle regeneration promoting transcriptional changes involved in skeletal muscle differentiation. miR-106b inhibition promotes the engraftment of human muscle stem cells. Furthermore, miR-106b is also high in human dystrophic muscle stem cells and its inhibition improves intrinsic proliferative defects and increases their myogenic potential. This study demonstrates that miR-106b is an important modulator of SC quiescence, and that miR-106b may be a new target to develop therapeutic strategies to promote muscle regeneration improving the regenerative capabilities of injured dystrophic muscle.
MT: Non-coding RNAs, miR-106b, muscle regeneration, muscular dystrophy, satellite cell, stemness