Publication: Prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes: the PHIGNA-DM2 study.
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Background: type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Objective: to evaluate the prevalence of NAFLD in a cohort of patients with T2D. Methods: an observational, descriptive study performed between May 2018 and December 2019 at the Endocrinology and Nutrition Unit. The χ² test was performed for qualitative variables and a non-parametric test for the comparison of medians of quantitative variables. Steatosis degree was defined by the coefficient attenuated parameter (CAP): (S0: 288 dB/m) or stiffness: F0-F1: 15 kPa, using transient elastography (TE) (FibroScan®). A univariate analysis was performed and subsequently a multivariate analysis with statistically significant variables used to study the predictive factors of intense steatosis and advanced fibrosis. Results: n = 104 patients with T2D; 84 (80.7 %) were obese. TE demonstrated advanced fibrosis in 20 % and intense steatosis (S3) in more than 50 %. Lower total bilirubin (OR: 0.028; 95 % CI: (0.002-0.337); p = 0.005) was found to be an independent factor for S3 steatosis in the multivariate analysis. BMI ((OR: 1.497; 95 % CI: (1.102-2.034); p = 0.01)) was a predictive factor for advanced fibrosis in a multivariate analysis. Conclusions: NAFLD-associated intense steatosis and NAFLD-associated fibrosis were commonly found in patients with T2DM and obesity. Diabetic patients should be screened for liver disease as one more target organ.
Diabetes de tipo 2. Diabetes mellitus. Enfermedad de hígado graso no alcohólico. Fibrosis hepática. Esteatosis hepática. Elastografía.