Urgent care practice in anorectal abscess. Still a pending task.

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The aim of the study was to evaluate urgent care practice with regard to anorectal abscesses (AA) in a tertiary-level referral hospital. this was retrospective and unicentric study. Patients who underwent surgery for AA between 2016 and 2017 were included in the study. Demographic variables were analyzed as well as the treatment performed, the need for hospitalization, use of antibiotics, and referral to the coloproctology outpatient department (COD). The recurrence risk factors were also evaluated. A total of 220 evaluations under anesthesia were performed, corresponding to 190 patients, 129 males (mean age 46 ± 14.9 years). The most frequent treatment in the emergency department (ED) was simple drainage (75.8%). Antibiotic therapy was prescribed in 62.9% of the cases. A total of 41.1% of the patients were referred to a specialized COD. The only risk factor associated with recurrence was the presence of an associated anal fistula. Anorectal abscesses are very frequent in the ED. There is great clinical variability regarding the taking of cultures, prescription of antibiotics, and referral criteria to a specialized coloproctology outpatient department, without clear impact of any of them on the recurrence of the abscess.
DeCS Terms
CIE Terms
Absceso anal, Absceso perianal, Anal abscess, Anal fistula, Anorectal abscess, Factor de riesgo, Fístula perianal, Risk factor