Publication: Inflammatory markers and bone mass in children with overweight/obesity: the role of muscular fitness.
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Gil-Cosano, Jose J
Aguilera, Concepción M
To examine which inflammatory markers are associated with bone mass and whether this association varies according to muscular fitness in children with overweight/obesity. Plasma interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), epidermal growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF), and C-reactive protein were analyzed in 55 children aged 8-11 years. A muscular fitness score was computed. Bone mineral content (BMC) of the total body-less head (TBLH) and lumbar spine (LS) were assessed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. IL-6 (β = -0.136) and VEGF (β = -0.099) were associated with TBLH BMC, while TNF-α (β = -0.345) and IL-1β (β = 0.212) were associated with LS BMC (P IL-6, VEGF, TNF-α, and IL-1β are significantly associated with bone mass. Higher muscular fitness may attenuate the adverse effect of high VEGF and TNF-α on bone mass.