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Title: On What Do the Homeless Base Their Happiness?
Authors: Cano-González, Yaiza
Portillo-Sotelo, Carmen
Rodríguez-Del-Águila, María Del Mar
García-Caro, María Paz
Núñez-Negrillo, Ana M.
Herrera-Espiñeira, Carmen
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Cano-González,Y; Portillo-Sotelo,C] Andalusian Health Service (Servicio Andaluz de Salud), Granada, Spain. [Rodríguez-Del-Águila,MDM] Preventive Medicine and Public Health Service (Servicio de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública), Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain. [Rodríguez-Del-Águila,MDM; Herrera-Espiñeira,C] Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria ibs, Granada, Spain. [García-Caro,MP; Núñez-Negrillo,AM; Herrera-Espiñeira,C] Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. [Herrera-Espiñeira,C] Research Network of Healthcare Services in Chronic Diseases (Red de Investigación de Servicios de Salud en Enfermedades Crónicas [REDISSEC]), Granada, Spain.
Keywords: Homeless persons;Happiness;Personal satisfaction;Anxiety;Depression;Qualitative research;Personas sin hogar;Felicidad;Satisfacción personal;Ansiedad;Depresión;Investigación cualitativa
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Emotions::Happiness
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Behavior::Personal Satisfaction
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Motivation
Medical Subject Headings::Geographical Locations::Geographic Locations::Europe::Spain
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Data Collection::Questionnaires
Medical Subject Headings::Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena::Social Sciences::Sociology::Social Environment::Social Support
Medical Subject Headings::Persons::Persons::Homeless Persons
Issue Date: 5-Nov-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Cano-González Y, Portillo-Sotelo C, Rodríguez-Del-Águila MDM, García-Caro MP, Núñez-Negrillo AM, Herrera-Espiñeira C. On What Do the Homeless Base Their Happiness? Healthcare (Basel). 2021 Nov 5;9(11):1512
Abstract: Objective: To determine the relationship between the characteristics and experiences of homeless persons and their state of happiness as a basis for designing appropriate social support strategies. Design: Exploratory observational study with an analytical and descriptive qualitative design. Setting: Participants were contacted, administered with questionnaires, and interviewed in the street (central and northern areas of the city) or at the “Asociación Calor y Café” center in Granada (Spain) between April2017 and February 2018. Participants: Selected by intentional sampling, 25 participants completed questionnaires in the first study and 14 of these were administered with questionnaires and interviewed in the second study. Method: General and specific questionnaires were administered to determine the state of happiness and other variables. Descriptive statistics were followed by an analysis of the relationships between variables and the content analysis of semi-structured interviews. Results: A feeling of happiness was described by 64% of participants and confirmed by a happiness scale score of 50%. Participants who felt satisfied with their life were 4.5-fold more likely to feel happy (p = 0.021). Expectations for the future were not associated with happiness or satisfaction with life. Content analysis of interviews revealed three main themes: conditions for happiness, own happiness/unhappiness, and self-esteem. Conclusions: Many homeless people describe themselves as feeling happy and satisfied with their life. Material aspects, affective situations, daily life concerns, and self-esteem predominate in their discourse on happiness.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.3390/healthcare9111512
Appears in Collections:Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada (ibsGRANADA)
SAS - Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves
SAS - Servicios centrales

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