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dc.contributor.authorRohrmann, Sabine-
dc.contributor.authorOvervad, Kim-
dc.contributor.authorBueno-de-Mesquita, H Bas-
dc.contributor.authorJakobsen, Marianne U-
dc.contributor.authorEgeberg, Rikke-
dc.contributor.authorTjønneland, Anne-
dc.contributor.authorNailler, Laura-
dc.contributor.authorBoutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine-
dc.contributor.authorClavel-Chapelon, Françoise-
dc.contributor.authorKrogh, Vittorio-
dc.contributor.authorPalli, Domenico-
dc.contributor.authorPanico, Salvatore-
dc.contributor.authorTumino, Rosario-
dc.contributor.authorRicceri, Fulvio-
dc.contributor.authorBergmann, Manuela M-
dc.contributor.authorBoeing, Heiner-
dc.contributor.authorLi, Kuanrong-
dc.contributor.authorKaaks, Rudolf-
dc.contributor.authorKhaw, Kay-Tee-
dc.contributor.authorWareham, Nicholas J-
dc.contributor.authorCrowe, Francesca L-
dc.contributor.authorKey, Timothy J-
dc.contributor.authorNaska, Androniki-
dc.contributor.authorTrichopoulou, Antonia-
dc.contributor.authorTrichopoulos, Dimitirios-
dc.contributor.authorLeenders, Max-
dc.contributor.authorPeeters, Petra H M-
dc.contributor.authorEngeset, Dagrun-
dc.contributor.authorParr, Christine L-
dc.contributor.authorSkeie, Guri-
dc.contributor.authorJakszyn, Paula-
dc.contributor.authorSánchez, María-José-
dc.contributor.authorHuerta, José M-
dc.contributor.authorRedondo, M Luisa-
dc.contributor.authorBarricarte, Aurelio-
dc.contributor.authorAmiano, Pilar-
dc.contributor.authorDrake, Isabel-
dc.contributor.authorSonestedt, Emily-
dc.contributor.authorHallmans, Göran-
dc.contributor.authorJohansson, Ingegerd-
dc.contributor.authorFedirko, Veronika-
dc.contributor.authorRomieux, Isabelle-
dc.contributor.authorFerrari, Pietro-
dc.contributor.authorNorat, Teresa-
dc.contributor.authorVergnaud, Anne C-
dc.contributor.authorRiboli, Elio-
dc.contributor.authorLinseisen, Jakob-
dc.identifier.citationRohrmann S, Overvad K, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Jakobsen MU, Egeberg R, Tjønneland A, et al. Meat consumption and mortality--results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. BMC Med. 2013; 11:63es
dc.identifier.issn1741-7015 (Online)-
dc.identifier.issn1741-7015 (Print)-
dc.descriptionJournal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't;es
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND Recently, some US cohorts have shown a moderate association between red and processed meat consumption and mortality supporting the results of previous studies among vegetarians. The aim of this study was to examine the association of red meat, processed meat, and poultry consumption with the risk of early death in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). METHODS Included in the analysis were 448,568 men and women without prevalent cancer, stroke, or myocardial infarction, and with complete information on diet, smoking, physical activity and body mass index, who were between 35 and 69 years old at baseline. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to examine the association of meat consumption with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. RESULTS As of June 2009, 26,344 deaths were observed. After multivariate adjustment, a high consumption of red meat was related to higher all-cause mortality (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01 to 1.28, 160+ versus 10 to 19.9 g/day), and the association was stronger for processed meat (HR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.24 to 1.66, 160+ versus 10 to 19.9 g/day). After correction for measurement error, higher all-cause mortality remained significant only for processed meat (HR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.25, per 50 g/d). We estimated that 3.3% (95% CI 1.5% to 5.0%) of deaths could be prevented if all participants had a processed meat consumption of less than 20 g/day. Significant associations with processed meat intake were observed for cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and 'other causes of death'. The consumption of poultry was not related to all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS The results of our analysis support a moderate positive association between processed meat consumption and mortality, in particular due to cardiovascular diseases, but also to
dc.description.sponsorshipEurope Against Cancer Program of the European Commission (SANCO); Deutsche Krebshilfe, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research; Danish Cancer Society; Health Research Fund (FIS) of the Spanish Ministry of Health, Spanish Regional Governments of Andalucia, Asturias, Basque Country, Murcia and Navarra; ISCIII RCESP exp. C03/09, Spain; Cancer Research UK; Medical Research Council, United Kingdom; Stroke Association, United Kingdom; British Heart Foundation; Department of Health, United Kingdom; Food Standards Agency, United Kingdom; Wellcome Trust, United Kingdom; the Hellenic Health Foundation and the Stavros Niarchos Foundation; Italian Association for Research on Cancer (AIRC); Italian National Research Council, Fondazione-Istituto Banco Napoli, Italy; Dutch Ministry of Public Health, Welfare and Sports (VWS), Netherlands Cancer Registry (NKR), LK Research Funds, Dutch Prevention Funds, Dutch ZON (Zorg Onderzoek Nederland), World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), Statistics Netherlands (The Netherlands); Swedish Cancer Society; Swedish Scientific Council; Regional Government of Skåne, Sweden; Nordforsk the Norwegian Cancer Society; French League against Cancer (LNCC); National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France; Mutuelle Générale de l’Education Nationale (MGEN), France; 3M Co, France; Gustave Roussy Institute (IGR), France; and General Councils of Francees
dc.publisherBioMed Centrales
dc.relation.ispartofBMC medicinees
dc.subjectEnfermedades cardiovasculareses
dc.subjectEstudios de cohorteses
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Agedes
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Diseases::Cardiovascular Diseaseses
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Epidemiologic Study Characteristics as Topic::Epidemiologic Studies::Cohort Studieses
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Physiological Phenomena::Nutritional Physiological Phenomena::Dietes
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Behavior::Feeding Behaviores
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Femalees
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humanses
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Malees
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Technology, Industry, Agriculture::Food and Beverages::Food::Meates
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Middle Agedes
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Diseases::Neoplasmses
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Data Collection::Health Surveys::Nutrition Surveyses
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Epidemiologic Study Characteristics as Topic::Epidemiologic Studies::Cohort Studies::Longitudinal Studies::Prospective Studieses
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Statistics as Topic::Survival Analysises
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Geographicals::Geographic Locations::Americas::North America::United Stateses
dc.subject.meshMedical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adultes
dc.titleMeat consumption and mortality - results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abiertoes
dc.contributor.authoraffiliation[Rohrmann,S] Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. [Rohrmann,S.; Li,K; Kaaks,R; Linseisen,J] Division of Cancer Epidemiology, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany. [Overvad,K; Jakobsen,MU] Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. [Bueno-de-Mesquita,HB] National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.[Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB; Leenders,M] Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands. [Egeberg,R; Tjønneland,A] Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark. [Nailler,L; Boutron-Ruault,MC; Clavel-Chapelon,F] Inserm, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France. [Nailler,L; Boutron-Ruault,MC; Clavel-Chapelon,F] Paris South University, UMRS, Villejuif, France. [Krogh,V] Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy. [Palli,D] Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Cancer Research and Prevention Institute (ISPO), Florence, Italy. [Panico,S] Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University, Naples, Italy. [Tumino,R] Cancer Registry and Histopathology Unit, “Civile - M.P.Arezzo” Hospital, Ragusa, Italy. [Ricceri,F] HuGeF - Human Genetics Foundation - Torino, Torino, Italy. [Bergmann,MM; Boeing,H] Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke, Nuthetal, Germany. [Khaw,KT] Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge UK. [Wareham,NJ] Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge UK. [Crowe,FL; Key,TJ] Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. [Naska,A; Trichopoulou,A] WHO Collaborating Center for Food and Nutrition Policies, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece. [Trichopoulou,A; Trichopoulos,D] Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, Greece. [Trichopoulos,D] Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston MA, USA.Bureau of Epidemiologic Research, Academy of Athens, Athens, Greece. [Peeters,PHM] Julius Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. [Peeters,PHM; Norat,T; Vergnaud,AC; Riboli,E] School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, UK. [Engeset,D; Skeie,G] Department of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway. [Parr,CL] Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. [Jakszyn,P] Unit of Nutrition, Environment and Cancer, Cancer Epidemiology Research Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), Barcelona, Spain. [Sánchez,MJ; Huerta,JM] Andalusian School of Public Health, Granada, Spain. [Sánchez,MJ; Barricarte,A; Amiano,P] Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública-CIBERESP), Spain. [Huerta,JM] Department of Epidemiology, Murcia Regional Health Council, Murcia, Spain. [Redondo,ML] Public Health Directorate Asturias, Oviedo, Spain. [Barricarte,A] Navarre Public Health Institute, Pamplona, Spain. [Amiano,P] Public Health Division of Gipuzkoa, BIODonostia Research Institute, Department of Health of the Regional Government of the Basque Country, San Sebastian, Spain. [Drake,I; Sonestedt,E] Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden. [Hallmans,G] Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Nutrition Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. [Johansson,I] Department of Odontology, Cariology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. [Fedirko,V; Romieux,I; Ferrari,P] International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France. [Linseisen,J] Institute of Epidemiology, Helmholtz Centre Munich, Neuherberg,
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