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Similar CD4/CD8 Ratio Recovery After Initiation of Dolutegravir Plus Lamivudine Versus Dolutegravir or Bictegravir-Based Three-Drug Regimens in Naive Adults With HIV.

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Abstract
The initiation of antiretroviral treatment based on a 2-drug regimen (2DR) with dolutegravir plus lamivudine has demonstrated non-inferior efficacy than dolutegravir-based three-drug regimens (3DR). We aimed to assess whether the treatment initiation with this 2DR has a different impact on the CD4/CD8 ratio recovery than INSTI-based 3DR. We emulated a target trial using observational data from the Spanish HIV Research Network cohort (CoRIS). The outcomes of interest were the normalization of the CD4/CD8 ratio at 48 weeks using three different cutoffs: 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5. We matched each participant who started 2DR with up to four participants who received 3DR. Subsequently, we fitted generalized estimating equation (GEE) models and used the Kaplan-Meier method for survival curves. We included 485, 805, and 924 participants for cutoffs of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5, respectively. At 48 weeks, 45% of participants achieved a CD4/CD8 ratio >0.5, 15% achieved a ratio >1.0, and 6% achieved a ratio >1.5. GEE models yielded a similar risk of reaching a CD4/CD8 ratio >0.5 (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.67 - 1.50), CD4/CD8 >1.0 (OR 1.03, 95% CI 0.68 - 1.58), and CD4/CD8 >1.5 (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.48 - 1.54) between both treatment strategies. There were no differences between 2DR and 3DR in the incidence ratio of CD4/CD8 ratio normalization at 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 cut-offs. In this large cohort study in people with HIV, ART initiation with dolutegravir plus lamivudine vs. dolutegravir or bictegravir-based triple antiretroviral therapy showed no difference in the rates of CD4/CD8 normalization at 48 weeks.
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CD4/CD8 ratio, HIV, antiretroviral therapy, dual therapy, integrase inhibitors
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