Publication:
Traffic Injury Risk Based on Mobility Patterns by Gender, Age, Mode of Transport and Type of Road

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Abstract
The role of gender and age in the risk of Road Traffic Injury (RTI) has not been fully explored and there are still significant gaps with regard to how environmental factors, such as road type, affect this relationship, including mobility as a measure of exposure. The aim of this research is to investigate the influence of the environmental factor road type taking into account different mobility patterns. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study was carried out combining two large databases on mobility and traffic accidents in Andalusia (Spain). The risk of RTI and their severity were estimated by gender and age, transport mode and road type, including travel time as a measure of exposure. Significant differences were found according to road type. The analysis of the rate ratio (Ratemen/Ratewomen), regardless of age, shows that men always have a higher risk of serious and fatal injuries in all modes of transport and road types. Analysis of victim rates by gender and age groups allows us to identify the most vulnerable groups. The results highlight the need to include not only gender and age but also road type as a significant environmental factor in RTI risk analysis for the development of effective mobility and road safety strategies.
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Keywords
Road traffic injury, Exposure measure, Mobility patterns, Sex, Gender, Road type, Road safety, Medida de exposición a la radiación, Sexo, Género, Accidentes de tránsito, Seguridad vial
Citation
González-Sánchez G, Olmo-Sánchez MI, Maeso-González E, Gutiérrez-Bedmar M, García-Rodríguez A. Traffic Injury Risk Based on Mobility Patterns by Gender, Age, Mode of Transport and Type of Road. Sustainability. 2021; 13(18):10112.