Publication:
Effectiveness of Psychological and/or Educational Interventions in the Prevention of Anxiety: A Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, and Meta-regression.

dc.contributor.authorMoreno-Peral, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorConejo-Cerón, Sonia
dc.contributor.authorRubio-Valera, Maria
dc.contributor.authorFernández, Anna
dc.contributor.authorNavas-Campaña, Desirée
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez-Morejón, Alberto
dc.contributor.authorMotrico, Emma
dc.contributor.authorRigabert, Alina
dc.contributor.authorLuna, Juan de Dios
dc.contributor.authorMartín-Pérez, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez-Bayón, Antonina
dc.contributor.authorBallesta-Rodríguez, María Isabel
dc.contributor.authorLuciano, Juan Vicente
dc.contributor.authorBellón, Juan Ángel
dc.date.accessioned2023-01-25T09:51:44Z
dc.date.available2023-01-25T09:51:44Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.description.abstractTo our knowledge, no systematic reviews or meta-analyses have been conducted to assess the effectiveness of preventive psychological and/or educational interventions for anxiety in varied populations. To evaluate the effectiveness of preventive psychological and/or educational interventions for anxiety in varied population types. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted based on literature searches of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, EMBASE, OpenGrey, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and other sources from inception to March 7, 2017. A search was performed of randomized clinical trials assessing the effectiveness of preventive psychological and/or educational interventions for anxiety in varying populations free of anxiety at baseline as measured using validated instruments. There was no setting or language restriction. Eligibility criteria assessment was conducted by 2 of us. Data extraction and assessment of risk of bias (Cochrane Collaboration's tool) were performed by 2 of us. Pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) were calculated using random-effect models. Heterogeneity was explored by random-effects meta-regression. Incidence of new cases of anxiety disorders or reduction of anxiety symptoms as measured by validated instruments. Of the 3273 abstracts reviewed, 131 were selected for full-text review, and 29 met the inclusion criteria, representing 10 430 patients from 11 countries on 4 continents. Meta-analysis calculations were based on 36 comparisons. The pooled SMD was -0.31 (95% CI, -0.40 to -0.21; P  Psychological and/or educational interventions had a small but statistically significant benefit for anxiety prevention in all populations evaluated. Although more studies with larger samples and active comparators are needed, these findings suggest that anxiety prevention programs should be further developed and implemented.
dc.identifier.doi10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.2509
dc.identifier.essn2168-6238
dc.identifier.pmcPMC5710546
dc.identifier.pmid28877316
dc.identifier.pubmedURLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5710546/pdf
dc.identifier.unpaywallURLhttps://europepmc.org/articles/pmc5710546
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10668/11560
dc.issue.number10
dc.journal.titleJAMA psychiatry
dc.journal.titleabbreviationJAMA Psychiatry
dc.language.isoen
dc.organizationÁrea de Gestión Sanitaria Nordeste de Granada
dc.organizationJaén
dc.organizationArea de Gestión Sanitaria Norte de Jaén
dc.organizationMálaga
dc.organizationValle del Guadalhorce
dc.organizationAGS- Nordeste de Granada
dc.organizationAGS - Norte de Jaén
dc.page.number1021-1029
dc.pubmedtypeJournal Article
dc.pubmedtypeMeta-Analysis
dc.pubmedtypeResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
dc.rights.accessRightsopen access
dc.subject.meshAnxiety
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshPatient Education as Topic
dc.subject.meshPreventive Psychiatry
dc.subject.meshPsychological Techniques
dc.subject.meshRandomized Controlled Trials as Topic
dc.subject.meshTreatment Outcome
dc.titleEffectiveness of Psychological and/or Educational Interventions in the Prevention of Anxiety: A Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, and Meta-regression.
dc.typeresearch article
dc.type.hasVersionVoR
dc.volume.number74
dspace.entity.typePublication
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